Percentage of students beginning postsecondary at a North Carolina 2-year public institution who complete a degree or credential within 6 years

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Last updated: 2023

= Top southern state :

only available for totals, not available for all indicators

Percent of students beginning postsecondary education at a North Carolina community college (2-year public institution) who complete a degree or credential from any institution within 6 years. These rates were updated in 2023, referring to students who began their postsecondary studies in 2017.

North Carolina’s postsecondary completion rate for students who began at a 2-year public institution was 49% in 2023, placing our state 12th among all states. In Georgia, the top-performing Southern state, the 2-year public postsecondary completion rate was 53%. In South Dakota, the top-performing state overall, this rate was 71%.

By 2030, the goal is to have 45% of students who begin college at an NC community college complete a degree or credential within six years. North Carolina is currently exceeding this goal which was set by the myFutureNC Commission.

The postsecondary completion rate represents the rate at which degree- or credential-seeking students complete their studies in a timely fashion. This is partly “a measure of the efficiency with which students complete college.” Specifically, high completion rates mean:

  • more degree production, which is beneficial for economic competitiveness; and
  • a smoothly functioning postsecondary system that can serve more students.

Lower completion rates have costs both to individual students and the communities in which they live. Students who do not complete on time:

“experience costs in terms of receiving lower average earnings, having student debt, and losing time while enrolled in school. Additionally… students who fail to complete a college credential are less likely to go on to work in occupations that offer employment benefits (such as health insurance and pension plans), earn family-sustaining wages, or be civically involved.”

Meeting the 2030 Goal

North Carolina met its 2-year public completion rate goal in 2023, with a 49% postsecondary completion rate for students who began at a 2-year public institution.

North Carolina’s postsecondary completion rate of 49% for 2-year public institutions means that almost 5 out of 10 students who began postsecondary education at one of North Carolina’s community colleges in the fall of 2017 completed a degree or credential by 2023. This completion rate was six percentage points above the national average (43%), and four percentage points above North Carolina’s 2030 goal (45%) set by the myFutureNC Commission.

Which NC community college students graduate in 6 years? 

By age

Bar chart showing % of first-time, degree-seeking students at NCCC who earn degree or credential within 6 years, Fall 2017 Cohort, by age, sex, demographic group, enrollment, and overall NC state average.NC community college students who began postsecondary studies at or before age 20 or at or after age 25 had the highest completion rates: 50% earned a degree or credential within six years. Students who began at ages 21-24 had the lowest six-year completion rate (42%).

By sex

Female students (51%) had higher completion rates than male students (48%).

By race/ethnicity

White students who began postsecondary studies at a North Carolina community college had the highest postsecondary completion rate: 56% completed a degree or credential within six years. Asian students (55%) had the next highest rate followed by Hispanic (47%) and Black (32%) students.

By enrollment status

NC community college students who were enrolled exclusively full-time were the most likely to complete a degree or credential within six years (76%). In contrast, more than one in five students enrolled exclusively part-time (23%) earned a degree within six years. The completion rate for students with mixed full- and part-time enrollments was 44%, indicating the importance of at least some full-time enrollment for timely degree completion.

Where does the data for postsecondary completion come from?

The data for completion rates by state was downloaded from the National Student Clearinghouse (NSC) Research Center.

The NSC is a nonprofit organization that provides postsecondary enrollment data and verification for more than 3,600 colleges and universities in the United States.

How was the data calculated?

This was a direct download from the NSC Research Center.

Who is included?

From NSC: “first-time-in-college degree-seeking students who started their postsecondary studies at U.S. colleges and universities in the fall of 2017.”

The NSC data includes transfer students.

Who isn’t included?

Non-first-time students, non-degree-seeking students, students who began postsecondary during summer or spring terms, and students who began postsecondary at an institution outside of the United states are not included. Full details on data exclusions are available here.

State-level data is not reported for states with fewer than three postsecondary institutions in a sector.

Collectively, the institutions covered by the NSC data serve 97% of all postsecondary students nationwide and 98% of students in North Carolina. The NSC data does not cover all institutional sectors equally, however, and has lower coverage rates of for-profit institutions. More detail on NSC coverage is available here.

The data used in the development of this indicator is derived from administrative records and is subject to non-sampling error. 

Who is working on this in NC?

Help improve this section

If you know of an organization that is working on this topic in NC, please let us know on the feedback form.

NC-focused, state-level dashboards

Name: NCCCS Dashboards


About: The North Carolina Community College System (NCCCS) dashboards allow users to explore and interact with NCCCS data by theme. The dashboards are designed to help colleges access the data and information needed to facilitate institutional effectiveness and program improvement. Dashboards include system and college-level data views, disaggregations, historical trends, and peer comparisons.

Name: NC Tower


About: NC TOWER is a web-based delivery system providing aggregate information on students who attended public universities and community colleges in North Carolina. These data include programs of study, degrees attained, further enrollment, and wage and employment information.

Further research and literature

Bailey, M., & Dynarski, S. (2011). Gains and gaps: changing inequality in U.S. college entry and completion. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.

Burrus, J., Elliott, D., Brenneman, M., Markle, R., Carney, L., Moore, G., Betancourt, A., et al. (2013). Putting and Keeping Students on Track: Toward a Comprehensive Model of College Persistence and Goal Attainment. Princeton, NJ: ETS.

Long, B. T. (2018). The College Completion Landscape: Trends, Challenges, and Why it Matters. Washington, DC: Third Way.

Shapiro, D., Dundar, A., Huie, F., Wakhungu, P. K., Bhimdiwala, A., & Wilson, S. E. (2018). Completing College: A National View of Student Completion Rates – Fall 2012 Cohort (Signature Report No. 16). Herndon, VA: National Student Clearinghouse Research Center.

Tippett, R., & Kahn, N. (2018a). Postsecondary Completion Report: 2009-2011 North Carolina Public High School Graduates. Raleigh, NC: myFutureNC.

Tippett, R., & Kahn, N. (2018b). Postsecondary Pathways & Barriers to Opportunity Report: 2009-2011 NC Public High School Graduates. Raleigh, NC: myFutureNC.


Who is identified as a first-time student?

The National Student Clearinghouse defines first-time students as individuals who “did not have a previous enrollment record, as shown in the Clearinghouse data, prior to the first day of enrollment in the fall of 2012, unless the previous enrollment record was before the student turned 18 years old (dual enrollment).” This analysis further excluded individuals who had previously received “any degree or certificate from a postsecondary institution prior to the first day of enrollment in the fall of 2012…unless the award date was before the student turned 18 years old (dual enrollment).”

Does this indicator include students who may be casual course takers with no intention of earning a degree?

No. The National Student Clearinghouse attempts to limit this analysis to only degree-seeking students and “attempted to exclude non-degree-seeking, casual course takers from the [analysis]. For students who first enrolled in four-year institutions, non-degree-seeking students were defined as those who had only one enrollment record with intensity of less than half time.” Students who started at two-year institutions were identified as non-degree-seeking students “if they failed to meet one of the following criteria: (1) one or more full-time enrollments before August 11, 2013; and (2) one or more three-quarter time [enrollments] before December 31, 2013; and (3) two enrollment terms with half-time status before December 31, 2013.” Nationally, this definition excluded more than 307,000 students who began at two-year institutions.

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